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Looking Forward to Monsoon Moisture Featured

Dr. Curtis James July 12, 2022 187

Monsoons are back!

Big Idea

  • It’s hot this week, but temperatures are cooling a little
  • Chances of monsoon moisture continue to grow through Saturday
  • Be careful of flash floods and lightning
  • Enjoy the rain!
  • Read more...

 

Thanks to Dr. Mark Sinclair for his weekly forecasts the past couple of months!

 

Forecast Summary:

Hot temperatures will cool by a few degrees this week. Today’s high will be near 95, but high temperatures will cool down to near 90 by Sunday. Morning lows will be in the upper 60s. At the same time, we will experience a gradual increase in moisture this week, leading to an increasing chance of mainly afternoon and early evening thunderstorms today through the coming weekend. Thunderstorms will be slow-moving (about 5 mph toward the W or SW), and generally short-lived (less than one hour in duration), but capable of locally heavy rain, strong gusty winds, small hail, and cloud-to-ground lightning.

 

Forecast Table:

https://www.wrh.noaa.gov/forecast/wxtables/

Navigate on the map to your location and click for a detailed local forecast.

 

Discussion:

As is typical for this time of year when the continent heats up, a dome of high pressure has now become entrenched over northern Arizona and southern Utah at mid and upper-levels of the atmosphere. At the surface, there is a thermal low pressure centered over western Arizona, southern Nevada, and eastern California. This is a very typical monsoonal flow pattern for the Southwestern U.S. The clockwise rotation at upper levels and the counter-clockwise rotation at low-levels will gradually circulate more humid air into our region, combining with an already hot an unstable airmass. The dew point temperatures are in the 40s today, but will likely rise into the 50s later this week, and possibly into the 60s next week. The result will be isolated thunderstorms today (although moisture is still a bit lacking), becoming more widely scattered through the coming week and into next week. The wind profile will be generally weak, so most of the storms will be single-cell or airmass storms. This is because the winds will generally not shear enough with height to organize stronger thunderstorms. Airmass storms are generally non-severe and slow moving, but can still produce locally heavy rainfall and strong, gusty winds from microbursts.

 

A microburst is a strong but localized downdraft from a thunderstorm caused by the fallout of precipitation particles and accelerated downward due to negative buoyancy (evaporation of rainfall cools the downdraft, making it more dense).

 

C. James

--

Curtis N. James, Ph.D.                                                                       
Professor of Meteorology

Applied Aviation Sciences

Prescott Campus

3700 Willow Creek Road                                                                                          
Prescott, AZ 86301-3720                                                                                         
928.777.6655                                                                               
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.                                                              

http://meteo.pr.erau.edu/

This has a selection of model forecast products and other links.

 


Met Mail is an unofficial weather discussion and forecast transmitted once or twice a week via e-mail by the Embry-Riddle Department of Meteorology (http://meteo.pr.erau.edu/). Embry-Riddle offers an undergraduate bachelor-of-science degree program in Applied Meteorology. Please spread the word to all potential qualified candidates!

Further Information:

ERAU Applied Meteorology degree program

Official National Weather Service forecast

Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University: Website | Facebook | Twitter | YouTube

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Last modified on Tuesday, 12 July 2022 03:30
Published in Prescott.news

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